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Panning in photography, photo, image, pictures,

Panning Examples in Photography

Panning defined as a photograph with a long exposure times where a deliberately blurred image is created by one 
of the following conditions:

1) The camera movement with slow shutter speeds/exposure times (say 1/15 sec. or longer) while exposing a stationary subject (this can include zooming while exposing the image).
2) The subject movement while exposing with a stationary camera, generally at long exposure times (say 1/15, 1/8 sec., etc.) 
3) The camera movement as well as the subject movement at long exposure times. This can include zooming while exposing the image.

Please note that for zooming while shooting, you need a 35mm SLR or a Digital SLR.

The technique:

Things to remember when panning: 
* Set your ISO to its lowest (for some cameras it could be ISO 200, 100 or 50). 
* Set your exposure time (shutter speed) to a long exposure. 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2 sec. are considered to be good starting points.
* Set your exposure Mode to Manual "M"
* Find the correct exposure under the light where your subject is. Try to find the correct exposure using a standard gray card, Spot from the palm of your hand +1 stop (Caucasian) under the subject light, or using trial and error when using your digital camera. Once you established the exposure time that you like the feel of, please try to get to the correct exposure by changing the aperture opening and NOT the shutter speed, since for a given subject and light combination, the correct shutter speed is an extremely important component of any panning assignment. Please note that due to the nature of the assignment, determining the exact correct exposure is almost impossible. You need to get as close as the results make you happy!

Panning Examples:

Panning Example #1: Panning with a vertical camera movement with the camera on a tripod, locked horizontally (camera moves up and down freely). This kind of technique lends itself to vertical subjects (trees, tall buildings, etc.)



Panning Example #3: Panning with the camera movement from the sunroof of a moving car 
(as a passenger of course!) at dusk This case involves the camera as well as the subject movement.


Panning Example #3: Panning with camera movement (zooming while shutter is open) as well as the cello player movement


Panning Example #1: Panning with horizontal camera movement (handheld), stationary subject.


Panning Example #2: Panning: Long exposure (stationary camera) with flowing (moving) water



Panning Example #3: Panning with subject movement and camera movement - Image was converted to vector
graphics using Corel Trace 12, then converted back to bitmap (jpg)



Panning Example #3: Panning with subject movement (wind) 
as well as the camera movement (zoom) - handheld 



Panning Example #1: Panning with a slight diagonal camera movement
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